Beating chemo-related hair loss with Scalp Cooling

Posted by in Looking Good, News, Treatments, Well being | 1 comment

When cancer survivor Lizelle Knott was diagnosed with breast cancer, there was one thing that she just couldn’t accept: losing her hair. Again. At age 16, Lizelle had been diagnosed with Stage IV Lymphoma, and the treatment made all her hair fall out – a devastating experience for a young girl. Now a wife and mother, Lizelle had no choice about fighting cancer a second time – but this time, she made up her mind to hang onto her hair. Like so many who have grieved the loss of their hair, for Lizelle this wasn’t about vanity, it was about privacy. Having the right to decide who gets to know that you are sick, and how they learn about it. With a fifteen month old toddler to consider, Lizelle also wanted to look “normal” for his sake. Psychiatrist Dr Tanveer Baig of the Royal Marsden Hospital in London says that hair loss is the symptom associated with the most distress two months after surgery; as many as 8% of cancer patients say they considered refusing treatment because of expected hair loss. On the other hand, according to Dr Baig, there is increased tolerance for the other side effects of chemotherapy if hair loss can be reduced. Lizelle had heard about a non-invasive treatment which can prevent hair loss during chemotherapy, and decided to try it with the support of her oncologist in East London. The principle is simple: Hair grows from follicles lying just below our scalps. They are energy rich and require a good blood supply. If the scalp can be kept cold enough, growth activity in the follicle is suppressed, reducing blood flow. What’s more, the small blood vessels around the follicles constrict, allowing minimal blood to get through. The first few hours of a chemotherapy treatment is a critical time to protect the hair roots so that hair does not fall out. So how hard can it be, just to keep a cool head for those few hours? In practice, it was far from simple to rescue her crowning glory! The use of Cold Caps to prevent hair loss during chemotherapy was trialled in Europe as long ago as 2000 and is now going through further tests in California and New York. So far, the trials have shown an 81% success rate. As many as 50 000 patients worldwide have tried scalp cooling, yet it’s still not well known nor offered in most cancer treatment centres. Undeterred, Lizelle persisted with the help of resourceful staff at GVI Oncology in East London, who put her in touch with GVI Cape Town (Sandton Oncology Centre in Johannesburg can also help). East London had two Elastogel Hypothermia Caps, and...

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